Modernize State Planning Laws
Many states' planning and zoning enabling statutes have not been updated in a generation. This stunts local planning and keeps it from responding to current issues and needs.
state approaches differ
There is great variety in how states address local planning efforts. Some are very prescriptive, and even pre-emptive, while some "home rule" states offer little in the way of statewide regulation or oversight. While it is important to respect different forms of governance, there is a nationwide need for state involvement and resources to ensure consistency and universal participation among municipalities.
but all states should review and update statutes and requirements
Reviewing and updating states' enabling statutes for zoning and housing policies is an essential step. Whether through mandates, funding, technical assistance, or other incentives, states should require both binding comprehensive plans that reflect current housing, economic, and demographic trends and zoning amendments that advance plan goals and lead to production and preservation of affordable housing.
All states should authorize tools like inclusionary zoning, support investment, provide data, and establish production goals. States can advance housing goals by requiring jurisdictions to provide affordable housing options across all income levels and price points. States should designate a single agency to oversee housing policy, support local planning, and achieve key production and affordability goals.
These APA resources illuminate the issue and prepare you to act in your community.