Planning for Wind Energy

PAS Report 566

By Suzanne Rynne, AICP, Larry Flowers, Eric Lantz, Erica Heller, AICP

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This report is available free to all because of funding by the U.S. Department of Energy.

Communities across the country want to take advantage of wind energy. But how?

Planning for Wind Energy gives communities the tools to get started. It describes the benefits, debunks the myths, and provides point-by-point checklists for incorporating wind energy into planning and zoning. Real-world case studies share success stories and lessons learned from communities where wind energy is already at work.

This practical guide will put wind power within reach for cities, counties, and regions across the United States.

Product Details

Page Count
Date Published
Nov. 1, 2011
Adobe PDF

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Introduction
The Benefits of Wind
The Role of Planning
State Policy and Goals
The Future of Wind Energy and the Need for Stronger Local Policy

Chapter 2: Industry Overview
Distributed (Small) Wind
Midsized Wind Turbines
Utility-Scale Turbines
Community Wind
Utility-Scale Wind Project Costs and Economics

Chapter 3: Addressing Concerns
Environmental and Ecological Concerns
Quality of Life Concerns

Chapter 4: Regulatory Environment
State and Local Government Authority over Wind Facility Siting
Transmission and Interconnection

Chapter 5: Considering Wind Energy in the Planning Process
Strategic Points of Intervention

Chapter 6: Regulating Small-Scale Wind Energy Systems at the Local Level
Checklist for Ordinances
Permit Processing
Elements of a Small Wind Energy Ordinance

Chapter 7: Permitting Utility-Scale Wind Energy Systems at the Local Level
Checklist for Ordinances
Permit Processing
Elements of a Utility-Scale Wind Project Permitting Process
Land Agreements
Bonds and Guarantees
The Process of Developing a Wind Energy Project

Chapter 8: Lessons Learned

Appendix: Results of the American Planning Association Survey of Current Practice, Challenges, and Resource Needs

Resource List