Disaster Recovery Resources
APA has long engaged with FEMA, APA chapters, and other partners to be ready to assist when disaster relief and recovery work begins.
Planners are invited to use the APA research, education, and publication resources below to assist with post-disaster recovery work and future hazard mitigation. In addition to these resources below, one of the APA Foundation's key initiatives is to help disaster-devastated communities. Learn more about the Foundation's Community Assistance work. Check out the Climate Change Resource page for additional information.
Post-Disaster Recovery Briefing Papers
The project briefing papers may be used alone or alongside Planning for Post-Disaster Recovery: Next Generation. These succinct, downloadable PDFs are ideal handouts for meetings with officials and the general public.
- Public Engagement in Recovery Planning
- Measuring Success in Recovery
- Planning Resilient Infrastructure
- Affordable Housing
- Economic Recovery for Manufacturing
- Flood Insurance and Design Requirements
- Planning for Recovery Management
- Adopt a Pre-Event Recovery Ordinance
- Financial Recovery
- Green Infrastructure and Post-Disaster Recovery
- Hazard Mitigation in Disaster Recovery
Planning for Post-Disaster Recovery: Next Generation
Hazard Mitigation: Integrating Best Practices into Planning
Access training resources from APA, including how to prepare a recovery plan for a community after a disaster; the next generation of post-disaster recovery; and the free Planning Information Exchange webinars that address resilience, climate adaptation and hazard mitigation plans, and hazard mitigation implementation.
The two-hour interactive webinar, sponsored by APA's Hazard Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Planning Division, features a broad perspective on preparation of a recovery plan for a community after a disaster. Distinguish between short-term response and longer-term recovery, awareness of successful recovery strategies and types of available funding. On-demand webinar, registration required. CM I 2.0
This is an ongoing series hosted by APA and the Association of State Floodplain Managers (ASFPM) under a FEMA grant. More than a dozen webinars are currently available for on-demand viewing that address: statewide approaches to resiliency; combining climate adaptation and hazard mitigation plans; and hazard mitigation implementation.
APA Recovery Workshop
The following presentations were created for the APA Recovery Workshop following Hurricane Sandy, but the information is applicable to other natural disasters.
APA has made these issues of Zoning Practice available for free:
Zoning for Coastal Flood Resilience (June 2018)
Putting Sustainable Zoning into Practice (July 2013)
Safe Growth Audits (October 2009)
Subdivision Design and Flood Hazard Areas
PAS Report 584
This report will help end the cycle of build-damage-rebuild. It offers communities sound guidance to bring subdivision design into line with the best of floodplain planning. The report was produced in partnership with the Association of State Floodplain Managers, with funding from FEMA.
In the APA Podcast series Resilience Roundtable, host Rich Roths, AICP, talks with planners and allied professionals who make resilience their mission, even in the face of devastating natural hazards. Rich is a senior hazard planner for Burton Planning Service of Columbus, Ohio. Previously he worked for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), where he was in charge of coordinating all mitigation planning activities for the six states in Region V. Rich is also a member of APA's Hazard Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Planning Division.
Episode 1: John Henneberger
The first episode features John Henneberger, an expert on low-income housing issues, a 2014 MacArthur Fellow, and the codirector of Texas Housers, a nonprofit that advocates for equitable disaster recovery policy and practices. John describes Hurricane Harvey's specific toll on Houston and the surrounding area and how cyclical these disasters can seem, as many of the neighborhoods his organization works in have identical characteristics to what they saw in New Orleans's Lower Ninth Ward after Hurricane Katrina. Again and again throughout the discussion, John argues that good planning practice and equity are inextricably linked, and giving disaster survivors a sense of agency is one of the most important things planners can do for affected individuals.
Episode 2: Kim Mickelson, AICP
In the second episode of Resilience Roundtable, Kim Mickelson, AICP, joins host Rich Roths, AICP, to discuss Hurricane Harvey from her perspective as a City of Houston Planning Department attorney. The storm hit during her first week on the job, and it compelled city officials to approve a new hazard-mitigation action plan in March 2018. Kim talks about how having their third 500-year — or greater — storm in 18 months made them take a second look at their floodplain regulations, including elevation requirements for new construction, and their infrastructure design standards. She reviews the more challenging, Houston-specific aspects of the cleanup process and how she immediately thought to engage the services of APA's Community Planning Assistance Team once the storm had passed.
Check out the resources Kim mentions in this episode:
- APA's PAS Report Planning for Post-Disaster Recovery and Reconstruction (listeners can also find the updated edition here)
- The APA Texas Chapter's document "Emergency Preparedness and Recovery: A Toolkit for Rural Communities"
- The City of Houston's "Disaster Preparedness Guide"
- The Association of State Floodplain Managers' document "Flood Risk in the Courts: Reducing Government Liability While Encouraging Government Responsibility"
In the third episode of Resilience Roundtable, host Rich Roths, AICP, talks with community planner Jack Heide, AICP CFM, and Lt. Emily Ussery, PhD, about the impact of Hurricanes Irma and Maria — two back-to-back Category 5 storms — on the US Virgin Islands in 2017. The two discuss their unique reasons for working in the region, how combining their expertise led to a more comprehensive recovery effort, and the lessons they took away from their first disaster response and recovery experience.
Emily is an epidemiologist with the Physical Activity and Health Branch of the National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). She is also a lieutenant with the US Public Health Service. Jack works as a planner for the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in Region II, which covers New Jersey, New York, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands.
Episode 4: Pete Parkinson, AICP
Pete Parkinson's planning career has spanned not only decades but also various California counties. As a result, he's familiar with a wide range of hazards. In the fourth episode of the APA Podcast series Resilience Roundtable, he and host Rich Roths, AICP, discuss many of them, including earthquakes, floods, landslides, and wildfires. Pete unfortunately has a very personal experience dealing with the latter, as he and his family lost their home in October 2017 when multiple fires tore through Sonoma County, as well as Lake, Napa, Mendocino, and Solano counties. His story focuses on the Tubbs Fire, which began in Calistoga but spread into Santa Rosa, even jumping Highway 101 in the process. It destroyed the Coffey Park neighborhood and ultimately the Santa Rosa mobile home park where Pete's mother-in-law lived. (The Tubbs Fire is now the second-most destructive fire in California history after the November 2018 Camp Fire, which caused 85 deaths and destroyed 18,804 structures in Butte County.) Pete is now working as a consultant on the new multifamily development at the site of the former mobile home park. The veteran planner ends his account by sharing the life-saving lessons he learned during and after the experience.
Establishing a Federal Flood Risk Management Standard
APA's Hazard Mitigation Center Manager Jim Schwab, FAICP, speaks with Association of State Floodplain Managers Executive Director Chad Berginnis about the establishment of a federal standard for flood risk management and how that affects the hazards field.
"The Cost Comes Before The Benefits"
Former Dutch Ambassador Renee Jones-Bos discusses how the Netherlands has dealt with issues of flooding and offers a unique perspective on how American planners can find value in the Dutch approach to dealing with water management.
NOAA Supporting Resiliency
Dr. Kathryn Sullivan, Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) discusses how NOAA is meeting the needs to build resilient communities and businesses.
APA has worked with a number of partners on how to mitigate the risk and impact of damage related to wildfires. Below are several publications that focus specifically on wildfire risk reduction and recovery.
Living on the Edge: Get to Know Your WUI (APA blog)
The Wildland-Urban Interface (PAS QuickNotes 69)
Fire Resilient Community Design: A New Planning Subfield? (Planning, November 2016)
Zoning and Land Use Tools in the Wildland-Urban Interface (Zoning Practice, September 2018)
Limiting Wildfire Risk Through Land-Use Controls (Zoning Practice, May 2012)
Models for Mitigating Wildfire Hazards Through Zoning (Zoning Practice, March 2005)
Planning the Wildland-Urban Interface
PAS Report 594
PAS Report 594, Planning the Wildland-Urban Interface, offers planners an in-depth introduction to the WUI and wildfire basics, covering challenges, trends, and historical context along with the latest wildfire science. It then moves to solutions, providing a holistic planning framework and practical guidance on how to address WUI and wildfire challenges in plans, policies, and regulations. And it highlights opportunities for collaboration with fire departments, federal and state agencies, and other key stakeholders. Case study examples show how communities across the country are already planning for the WUI.
Planning for Wildfires
PAS Report 529/530
People continue to build in wildfire-prone areas, posing challenges for governments and planners. This report explores how knowledge of wildfire risks can be incorporated into comprehensive planning and identifies best practices for development in at-risk areas. Digital PAS Reports are free to APA members and may be purchased by nonmembers.
Planning for Wildfires
Firewise Communities: An Interview with Michelle Steinberg
The Community Planning Assistance Team program has dispatched pro bono planners to assist communities in the midst of recovery and rebuilding from a natural disaster. Teams have worked in Lyons, Colorado, and Franklin, Tennessee.
If your community is interested in receiving additional planning support, apply for a CPAT.
APA's Hazards Planning Center advances practices that promote resilience by reducing the impact of natural hazards on communities and regions. Through original and applied research, the center identifies practices that protect communities from natural and man-made hazards and educates planners and allied professionals about those practices.
The APA Hazard Mitigation and Disaster Recovery Planning Division fosters professional communications about hazard mitigation and disaster recovery planning and builds a stronger knowledge base for use by planners. Join the division or connect via the Division's LinkedIn Group.
APA staff is available to assist with outreach aimed at making federal and state legislators aware of disaster recovery resources that are available for planners, but also to report on assistance that is being provided by planners. The relevant House office may also be invited to participate in any on-site event or activity. For more information, please contact APA's Policy Director Jason Jordan at firstname.lastname@example.org.
This policy guide discusses the differences and the tension between adaptation, response, and recovery. There is an understandable — and economically and socially rational — basis for wanting to protect community assets in place, protect people, and rebuild in place as quickly as possible, yet this may not be truly in the best long-term interests of individuals, communities, regions, or the nation.
Requests for expert spokespeople and assistance with media relations may contact Communications Manager Roberta Rewers, at email@example.com or 312-786-6395. Additional assistance on preparing communications may be found in the Planners' Communication Guide and Media Center.
APA has assembled a comprehensive list of disaster recovery and response programs available among federal agencies and some national nonprofits.